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The Old South Church in Boston, which held the Bradford manuscript, the Bradford register of births and deaths, the Bradford Letter-Book, and perhaps even the "Mayflower Compact."  It was looted during the Revolutionary War.  A portion of the Letter-Book was rediscovered in Nova Scotia in 1796.  And the Bradford manuscript Of Plymouth Plantation was rediscovered in London in 1851.  The other missing Pilgrim documents, letters and manuscripts have not been seen since.  Image courtesy of Wikipedia Commons.

But since you're here anyway, why not learn a little about some other, rather more important things in Pilgrim history that have also gone missing:

  1. The original Mayflower Compact.  Copies of the text were published in 1622, and copied down into the Bradford manuscript about 1630.  A copy was also published for Plymouth Colony in 1669 by Secretary Nathaniel Morton (to which he included the first known list of signers).  It was also published with the names of the signers in 1736 by Thomas Prince.  The original has not been seen since.  
  2. William Bradford's Register of Births and Deaths for early Plymouth.  Thomas Prince cited Bradford's register of births and deaths on several occasions in his 1736 book, Chronological History of New England in the Form of Annals.  The register, which may have contained all the births, marriages and deaths for the first couple years at Plymouth, was apparently looted from the Old South Church in Boston during the Revolutionary War and has not been seen since.  it was never transcribed, so only the few excerpts published by Prince in 1736 survive.
  3. William Bradford's Letter-Book.  William Bradford kept a Letter-Book, which were copies of all the letters he received.  It was looted during the Revolutionary War, having never been transcribed or published.  A section of it, covering the years 1624-1630, was found in 1796 being used by a fishmonger in Nova Scotia to wrap fish.  The surviving section was transcribed and published in the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, preserving the text for posterity.  But even the surviving section has since disappeared.  Scholars went searching for them around the year 1900, and came up empty.